Travel Phrases: Hiligaynon To Help You Get By in the Philippines (Iloilo, Guimaras & Negros Occidental)
Philippines is a country of many different languages. Although Tagalog, the official language, is taught everywhere throughout the country, the local languages are what's really being spoken on the streets, in stores, at the market, while commuting, and in homes. If you really want to connect with the locals, the best way is to speak to them in their local languages.
If you are traveling through Western Visayas, chances are you will be surrounded by a language called Hiligaynon, alternatively referred to as Ilonggo.
As the dominant language on the islands of Panay and Guimaras, as well as in the province of Negros Occidental, there are approximately 8.2 million native speakers of the language.
Here are just some of the useful phrases you may use while traveling throughout this area of the Philippines.
Sidenote: Hiligaynon (Ilonggo) is also spoken and understood by some on the island of Mindanao and Palawan.
Buying Things at the Market or Sarisari Store
Bakal! = (Said to announce one's presence and get the attention of the shop owner)
Tagpila ni? = How much is this?
Tagpila na? = How much is that?
Tagpila ang _____? = How much is the _____?
May ara kamo _____? = Do you have _____?
Mabakal ko ______. = I would like to buy ______.
(Number) ka (measure word) nga/sang (noun). = (Used when ordering a certain item in specific quantities.)
Duwa ka lipid sang mantika, palihog. Two bottles of oil, please.
Pulo ka pisos sang kamatis. Ten pesos worth of tomatoes.
Ari ho = This one... (While pointing)
Ari akon baklon = I'll take this one... (While pointing)
Ka mahal ba! = Wow, it's so expensive!
Paayo ako bi... = Please make it cheaper...
Sige na, nong! = Please, sir! (Begging for an even cheaper price)
Palihog = Please
Catching a Ride on Tricycles or Jeepneys
Madul-ong sa (place name)? = Can you take me to (place name)?
Tagpila? = How much will it cost?
Tagpila halin di pakadto sa (place name)? = How much will it cost to go from here to (place name)?
Nong, sa (place name) lang ko mana-og. = Sir, please just take me there to (place name).
Liko sa wala = Turn left
Liko sa tuo = Turn right
Diretso = Go straight
Lugar lang = Stop here
Different Types of Food, Ingredients & Items
Random Expressions to Color Your Hiligaynon Phrases
Ay tu-od?! = Really?
Pwede na? = Is that okay?
Pwede na = It's okay
Indi ba la = Right?
Ano pagid? = What else?
Grabe ba! = (Expression of amazement)
Grabe ka (adjective) ba! = (Expressing amazement over a specific quality.)
Grabe ka tugnaw ba! Wow, it's really cold!
Grabe ka dako ba! Wow, it's really big!
(Adjective) ba! = Alternative expression of amazement
Alam ba! How intelligent!
Barato ba! How cheap!
TERMS OF ENDEARMENT OR RESPECT
These are titles used all the time whenever addressing someone, from your family members to jeepney drivers, and are put at the beginning or end of the sentence. In general, you would use the corresponding term to address anyone around the same age as your family member.
Images by Ree Dexter, Bugermac, Shubert Ciencia and Beyond Neon, used under Creative Commons License.
I'm JR. I come from a long line of adventurers, some were nomadic explorers of the sea and others wandering cultivators of the earth. Ultimately, this legacy of drifters has deeply affected my view of travel. Read more...